Electronically Switchable Frequency and Pattern Reconfigurable Segmented Patch Antenna for Internet of Vehicles

Sagiru Gaya, Abubakar Hamza, Oludayo Sokunbi, Sharif I.M. Sheikh, Hussein Attia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This work presents a novel, low-cost frequency and pattern reconfigurable antenna for Internet of Vehicles (IoV) applications. The proposed design addresses the issue of using multiple antennas for different frequency bands to enable vehicles to communicate over several channels. Also, it relieves the need for a sophisticated beamforming network. The proposed radiating system comprises a simple segmented patch antenna (SPA) integrated with a few electronic switches to achieve frequency and pattern reconfiguration. The SPA consists of a radiating patch with two incorporated slots and two slits. Three p-i-n diodes are integrated into both slots to vary the shape of the patch to enable frequency reconfiguration at 4.1, 4.7, 5.0, and 5.7 GHz. Adopting the Yagi-Uda principle, two parasitic elements, functioning as either a reflector or a director, are positioned on both sides of the patch, facilitating the pattern reconfiguration. This novel SPA can scan its beam in twelve directions (0, ±38∘, ±50∘, ±63∘, ±90∘, ±143∘, 180∘) with a measured peak gain and efficiency of 4.2 dB and 92%, respectively. The proposed antenna is experimentally tested to validate the concept. Employing only five p-i-n diodes, this inexpensive antenna can radiate twelve distinguishable switchable beams, including broadside and end-fire radiation over four frequencies with acceptable gain, matching bandwidth, and efficiency. This makes the proposed antenna an excellent candidate for IoV applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1
Number of pages1
JournalIEEE Internet of Things Journal
StateAccepted/In press - 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:


  • Antenna arrays
  • Antenna radiation patterns
  • Antennas
  • Internet of Vehicles
  • Optical switches
  • P-i-n diodes
  • Patch antennas
  • Resonant frequency
  • frequency reconfiguration
  • p-i-n diode
  • pattern reconfiguration
  • segmented patch antenna

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Signal Processing
  • Information Systems
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computer Networks and Communications


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