Electrochemical behavior of novel electroactive LaTi4Mn3O12/polyaniline composite for Li+-ion recovery from brine with high selectivity

Ismail Abdulazeez, Nadeem Baig, Billel Salhi*, Isam H. Aljundi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


With the increase in worldwide consumption of lithium owing to its use in electronic devices, it is necessary to develop less energy-intensive alternatives for Li production to meet its rapidly growing demand. Electrochemical Li harvesting is a simple approach that can complement existing extraction technologies. However, its effectiveness depends on the design of highly efficient electrodes that can preferentially adsorb Li ions in the presence of abundant interfering cations while exhibiting low energy consumption. Herein, we report the synthesis of delithiated LiLaTi4Mn3O12 (LTMO) as a novel electrode material for the effective recovery of Li+ ions from brine. The introduced LTMO/polyaniline (PANI) composite electrode exhibited excellent Li+-ion selectivity, high water stability, and rapid regeneration. The fast intercalation of Li+ ions was attributable to the presence of highly conductive Mn3+ ions along the A-sites and nanopores with suitable diameters for selective host–guest Li extraction. Under optimal conditions (potential = 0.5 V), PANI/LTMO exhibited a Li adsorption capacity as high as 38.7 mg/g after 60 min and a desorption ratio of 98.5 % when the current was reversed. Moreover, the delithiated electrode exhibited selectivity coefficients of 88.5 and 52.5 for Li+/Na+ and Li+/Mg2+ binary solutions, respectively. The PANI/LTMO electrode exhibited faster Li+-ion intercalation/deintercalation while using a small amount of energy and thus has immense potential for use in high-throughput electrodes for effective lithium extraction from seawater.

Original languageEnglish
Article number122997
JournalSeparation and Purification Technology
StatePublished - 15 Mar 2023

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the Interdisciplinary Research Center for Membranes and Water Security, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals [grant number INMW2112].

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Elsevier B.V.


  • Brine mining
  • Electrochemistry
  • Li extraction
  • polyaniline (PANI)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Filtration and Separation


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