Electrical Conductivity

Naef A.A. Qasem, Muhammad M. Generous, Bilal A. Qureshi, Syed M. Zubair*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


Saltwater electrical conductivity is one of the essential physical properties in the desalination and water treatment industries, especially for electrically driven technologies such as electrodialysis. Saline water with higher salinity is considered a better conductor than pure water. This chapter discusses the multicomponent models that estimate the saline water electrical conductivity at different salinity and temperature values. Experimental data of seawater electrical conductivity are used to compare the estimated electrical conductivity values from the methods and assess their accuracy. Some methods are recommended based on their accuracy and operating conditions. Besides, the codes of methods used to calculate the electrical conductivity are provided.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSpringer Water
PublisherSpringer Nature
Number of pages20
StatePublished - 2023

Publication series

NameSpringer Water
VolumePart F1299
ISSN (Print)2364-6934
ISSN (Electronic)2364-8198

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023, The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG.


  • Electrical conductivity
  • Electrodialysis
  • Ionic strenghth
  • Multicomponent
  • Saline water

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oceanography
  • Aquatic Science
  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)


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