Efficient removal of carcinogenic Rosaniline Hydrochloride (Fuchsine) dye with Mg doped FeTiO nanocomposites: Experimental and statistical evaluation

Salman Latif, Fahad Abdulaziz, Amir Al-Ahmed*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This study focuses on the synthesis of new nanostructured absorbent materials and removal of hazardous Rosaniline Hydrochloride (fuchsine) dye from polluted water. For this, Mg doped FeTiO nanocomposite (FTMO-NCs) was synthesized by co-precipitation method and thoroughly characterized to study its surface properties. The TEM image shows the FTMO-NCs are consists of crystalline particles sized in few nanometers of scale. The SAED pattern suggests the nanoscale polycrystalline nature of the FTMO-NCs. The homogeneously distributed MgO on the FeTiO-NCs further validates the spectra. Furthermore, the successful mixture of MgO with the FeTiO surface and the formation of FTMO-NCs are indicated by the well-defined elemental mapping of Fe, Ti, O, and Mg. Dye adsorption capacity, stability, and regeneration capability of the synthesized FTMO-NCs was evaluated by a series of experiments and varying parameters, such as, agitation time, nanocomposite mass, solution pH, dye concentration, etc. The pseudo-second-order kinetic model was found to be applicable based on the kinetic parameters calculated with a high correlation coefficient of 0.999. The findings indicate that the Langmuir isotherm is a better fit for the experimental data for the fuchsine adsorption on the FTMO-NPs in comparison to the other four models and shows the maximum adsorption capacity (Qmax) of 555.5 mg/g. Moreover, a double layer model was applied to study the statistical prediction of the favorability of the adsorption process of the dye on the nanocomposite. The Nm value for fuchsine adsorption was 550 mg/g, 255 mg/g, and 218 mg/g, respectively at 298 K, 308 K, and 318 K. The use of Mg-doped FeTiO nanocomposites (FTMO-NCs) for removing Rosaniline Hydrochloride (fuchsine) dye is a novel approach that brings together the unique properties of both materials. The incorporation of magnesium (Mg) into the FeTiO nanocomposite introduces new synergies and enhances the adsorption capabilities of the material. This innovation is particularly significant because Mg doping can influence the surface chemistry and electronic structure of the nanocomposite, leading to improved dye removal efficiency.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101778
JournalJournal of Saudi Chemical Society
Volume28
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 The Authors

Keywords

  • Adsorption mechanism
  • Double layer model
  • FeTiMgO synthesis
  • Isotherm
  • Kinetics
  • Statistical analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry

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