Effect of sintering parameters on microstructure, mechanical properties and electrochemical behavior of Nb-Zr alloy for biomedical applications

M. A. Hussein, C. Suryanarayana, M. K. Arumugam, N. Al-Aqeeli*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations

Abstract

Despite the importance of Nb-Zr alloys as candidate materials for biomedical applications, little attention has been given to their processing and the development of new or improved structures. Here, we explore the viability of synthesizing a nano/sub-micron grain structured Nb-Zr alloy through the use of mechanical alloying (MA) and spark-plasma sintering (SPS). The sintered samples were characterized through measurements of densification, Vickers hardness (HV), X-ray diffractometry (XRD) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The effect of the SPS parameters on the microstructure and mechanical properties of the sintered alloys was also investigated. Moreover, electrochemical corrosion analyses were performed by a means of a conventional three-electrode cell to assess the corrosion resistance of the developed alloys in Simulated Body Fluids (SBF) medium. A nano/sub-micron grain structured Nb-Zr alloy with an average grain size of between 100 and 300. nm was produced using the MA-SPS techniques. A maximum hardness and relative density of 584 HV and 97.9% were achieved, respectively. Moreover, the nano/sub-micron grain structured Nb-Zr alloy exhibited higher corrosion resistance in SBF medium, which makes this alloy is a promising candidate for use in biomedical applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)344-351
Number of pages8
JournalMaterials and Design
Volume83
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Sep 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 Elsevier Ltd.

Keywords

  • Electrochemical testing
  • Mechanical alloying
  • Nb-Zr alloy
  • Spark plasma sintering

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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