Effect of oxygen vacancies and cationic valence state on multiferroicity and magnetodielectric coupling in (1-x)BaTiO3.(x)LaFeO3 solid solution

P. Maneesha, Koyal Suman Samantaray, Suresh Chandra Baral, Grace Brzykcy, Indranil Bhaumik, Abdelkrim Mekki, Arjun K. Pathak, Somaditya Sen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


A solid solution of (1-x)BaTiO3–(x)LaFeO3 (x = 0, 0.007, 0.015, 0.031, 0.062) has been investigated for room temperature multiferroicity and magnetodielectric effect. The incorporation of La and Fe ions in ferroelectric BaTiO3 leads to increased lattice disorder and generation of oxygen vacancies that induces magnetism. A detailed correlated study using XRD, XPS and Raman spectroscopy is being reported. A typical ferromagnetic and ferroelectric nature of each sample are confirmed by M−H and P–E hysteresis loops, respectively at room temperature. Temperature dependent dielectric studies reveal the decrease of transition temperature from 137 0C for undoped to room temperature for increasing substitution. The changes in the dielectric property with applied magnetic field shows the indications of magnetodielectric effect. For x = 0.015, existence of both proper ferroelectric without lossy properties and ferromagnetic properties in a single tetragonal phase makes it a perfect room temperature multiferroic material. For this sample, the magnetodielectric coupling is the strongest with Magnetocapacitance of ∼2.7% and Magneto loss of ∼0.8% at 10 kHz and 1 T. The multiferroicity and the magnetodielectric effect exhibited by this material has been correlated to the structural properties, electric and magnetic properties, changes in valence states, and oxygen vacancy (Ov).

Original languageEnglish
Article number172587
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
StatePublished - 15 Jan 2024

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© 2023 Elsevier B.V.


  • Ferroelectric
  • Ferromagnetic
  • Magnetodielectric
  • Multiferroicity
  • Super exchange interaction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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