Effect of Different Confinements on High-Strength Steel Fiber-Reinforced Concrete (SFRC) Beams

Hammad Hafeez, Waqas Ahmad, Muhammad Usman*, Asad Hanif*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


High-strength concrete is extensively used in the construction industry due to its higher stiffness and modulus, but it is inherently brittle. In order to reduce its brittle behavior, steel fibers are being used to increase their application in the construction industry. In this experimental study, a fixed volume fraction (V f = 1.5%) of steel fiber was used in the concrete, whereas the type of confinement (steel tube and carbon fiber-reinforced polymer CFRP strip) was varied. Five high-strength concrete beams with and without steel fibers strengthened with different confinements (steel sheet and CFRP) were cast and evaluated for flexural performance. (Four-point loading tests were done here.) Conventional steel was used for reinforcing concrete as it has the same lateral and longitudinal strengths. The high initial cost of steel tubes is compensated by eliminating the cost of formwork required for casting regular concrete members. For conventional reinforcement, a balanced steel ratio was used. All specimens were tested under monotonic loading. The tested structural elements showed good plasticity and increased flexural capacity. The improved ductility and energy absorption capacity of the members indicate their promising use in building structures.

Original languageEnglish
JournalArabian Journal for Science and Engineering
StateAccepted/In press - 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023, King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals.


  • Fiber-reinforced concrete
  • High-strength concrete
  • Mechanical performance
  • Properties degradation
  • Steel fibers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


Dive into the research topics of 'Effect of Different Confinements on High-Strength Steel Fiber-Reinforced Concrete (SFRC) Beams'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this