Effect of a rotating cylinder on convective flow, heat and entropy production of a 3D wavy enclosure filled by a phase change material

Naef A.A. Qasem, Aissa Abderrahmane, Sameh Ahmed, Obai Younis, Kamel Guedri, Zafar Said*, Abed Mourad

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this manuscript, phase change material (PCM), as a thermal energy storage medium, is considered within a 3D wavy cubic enclosure to investigate the effect of free and mixed convection heat transfer on the PCM melting process. Rotating cylinders also are located in the middle of the enclosure to study the effect of their angular velocity in different conditions. Governing equations are solved by Galerkin Finite Element Method (GFEM) and were confirmed by previous studies. As main outcomes, results with enhanced angular velocity, the average temperature, and entropy generation were significantly decreased. Results showed that as the melting process is helpful for thermal energy storage systems, it is recommended by this study to have a rotating cylinder inside the PCM domain and the undulation number of the hot surfaces not to exceed one. It was shown that the cylinder rotation of −5 rad/s enhances the melting process speed by about 88% compared to the stationary cylinder, and about 186% of melting enhancement can be obtained for the undulation number of 1 instead of 4.

Original languageEnglish
Article number118818
JournalApplied Thermal Engineering
Volume214
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Elsevier Ltd

Keywords

  • 3D wavy enclosure
  • Angular velocity
  • MHD
  • Mixed convection
  • PCM

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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