Ecofriendly Natural Surfactants in the Oil and Gas Industry: A Comprehensive Review

Muslim Abdurrahman*, Muhammad Shahzad Kamal, Romal Ramadhan, Arik Daniati, Agus Arsad, Anis Farhana Abdul Rahman, Novia Rita

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


The use of different types of chemicals in upstream oilfield operations is critical for optimizing the different operations involved in hydrocarbon exploration and production. Surfactants are a type chemical that are applied in various upstream operations, such as drilling, fracturing, and enhanced oil recovery. However, due to their nonbiodegradability and toxicity, the use of synthetic surfactants has raised environmental concerns. Natural surfactants have emerged because of the hunt for sustainable and environmentally suitable substitutes. This Review discusses the role of natural surfactants in upstream operations as well as their benefits and drawbacks. The Review discusses the basic characteristics of surfactants, their classification, and the variables that affect their performance. Finally, the Review examines the possible applications of natural surfactants in the upstream oil sector and identifies areas that require further research.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)41004-41021
Number of pages18
JournalACS Omega
Issue number44
StatePublished - 7 Nov 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 The Authors. Published by American Chemical Society

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering


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