Durability performance of concrete containing saudi natural pozzolans as supplementary cementitious material

Omar S.Baghabra Al-Amoudi, Shamsad Ahmad*, Saad M.S. Khan, Mohammed Maslehuddin

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


This paper reports an experimental investigation conducted to evaluate the durability performance of concrete mixtures prepared utilizing blends of Type I Portland cement (OPC) and natural pozzolans (NPs) obtained from three different sources in Saudi Arabia. The control concrete mixture containing OPC alone as the binder and three concrete mixtures incorporating NPs were prepared keeping water/binder ratio of 0.4 (by weight), binder content of 370 kg/m3, and fine/total aggregate ratio of 0.38 (by weight) invariant. The compressive strength and durability properties that included depth of water penetration, depth of carbonation, chloride diffusion coefficient, and resistance to reinforcement corrosion and sulfate attack were determined. Results of this study indicate that at all ages, the compressive strength of NP-admixed concrete mixtures was slightly less than that of the concrete containing OPC alone. However, the concrete mixtures containing NP exhibited lower depth of water penetration and chloride diffusion coefficient and more resistance to reinforcement corrosion and sulfate attack as compared to OPC. NP-admixed concrete showed relatively more depth of carbonation than OPC when subjected to accelerated carbonation. The results of this investigation indicates the viability of utilizing of Saudi natural pozzolans for improving the durability characteristics of concrete subjected to chloride and sulfate exposures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)119-126
Number of pages8
JournalAdvances in Concrete Construction
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 Techno-Press, Ltd.


  • Cement replacement
  • Compressive strength
  • Concrete
  • Durability characteristics
  • Saudi natural pozzolan

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Mechanics of Materials


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