Droplet Rolling Dynamics over a Hydrophobic Surface with a Minute Width Channel

Abba Abdulhamid Abubakar, Bekir Sami Yilbas*, Hussain Al-Qahtani, Anwaruddin Siddiqui Mohammed

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Unidirectional and stabilize droplet rolling over hydrophobic surfaces is critical for self-cleaning applications of large areas. Introducing minute size channels on hydrophobic surfaces in the droplet rolling direction can minimize droplet wobbling and enables unidirectional rolling. The droplet rolling behavior over an inclined hydrophobic surface having a minute size channel is investigated. The flow field developed inside the droplet fluid is numerically simulated in a three-dimensional domain pertinent to experimental conditions. Experiments are carried out using a high-speed facility to monitor and evaluate droplet motion over channeled and flat hydrophobic surfaces. The findings revealed that predictions of the droplet translational velocity and those obtained from the experiments are in good agreement. The presence of a minute channel on the hydrophobic surface gives rise to droplet fluid inflection into the minute channel, which in turn modifies the center of mass of the droplet during rolling. This lowers the droplet wobbling height and enables the droplet to roll unidirectionally along the channel length. Enlarging the channel width on the hydrophobic surface increases droplet kinetic energy dissipation while reducing the droplet rolling speed. The complex flow structures formed in the droplet fluid modifies the pressure along the droplet centerline; however, the droplet fluid pressure remains almost the same order as the Laplace pressure in the upper region of a rolling droplet over the channeled hydrophobic surface.

Original languageEnglish
StatePublished - 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 American Chemical Society

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Spectroscopy
  • Electrochemistry


Dive into the research topics of 'Droplet Rolling Dynamics over a Hydrophobic Surface with a Minute Width Channel'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this