Development and characterization of non-proprietary ultra high performance concrete

Muhammad Azhar Saleem, Faizan Liaquat, Muhammad Mazhar Saleem, Mubashir Aziz, Fahid Aslam*, Abdullah Mohamed

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper presents the developmental process of ultra-high performance concrete (UHPC), the most advanced form of concrete. The entire process exclusively utilized locally available materials. The mixes were prepared without using any specialized mixer or treatments, such as elevated pressure, etc. The primary objective of the research was to develop low-cost non-proprietary version of UHPC by optimizing both cementitious and non-cementitious materials to attain the highest levels of workability, compressive strength, flexural strength and durability. The research utilizes a trial-and-error approach, subjecting specimens to curing in both regular and heated water. The findings validate the viability of producing self-compacting UHPC with compressive strength ranging from 120 to 160 MPa, employing local materials and manufacturing methods. Raw materials and mixing sequence had a significant influence on the fresh and hardened properties of UHPC. The inclusion of steel fibers and the application of heat treatment remarkably enhanced the compressive strength. Furthermore, cost analysis revealed that this particular UHPC is only slightly over four times more expensive than conventional concrete, in contrast to commercially available UHPC, which is approximately 10 times expensive than traditional concrete.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere24260
Issue number2
StatePublished - 30 Jan 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2024 The Authors


  • Characterization
  • Low-cost
  • Non-proprietary
  • UHPC
  • Ultra high performance concrete

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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