Detection and measurement of picoseconds-pulsed laser energy using a NbTiN superconducting filament

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We investigate non-equilibrium states created by a laser beam incident on a superconducting NbTiN filament subject to an electrical pulse at 4&#x00A0;K. In absence of the laser excitation, when the amplitude of the current pulse applied to the filament exceeds the critical current value, we monitored the delay time <inline-formula><tex-math notation="LaTeX">$t_{d}$</tex-math></inline-formula> that marks the collapse of the superconducting phase which is then followed by a voltage rise. We linked the delay time to the applied current using the time-dependent Ginzburg-Landau (TDGL) theory, which enabled us to deduce the cooling (or <italic>heat-removal</italic>) time from the fit to the experimental data. Subsequently, we exposed the filament biased with a current pulse close to its critical value to a focused laser beam, inducing a normal state in the impact region of the laser beam. We showed that the energy of the incident beam and the incurred delay time are related to each other by a simple expression, that enables direct measurement of incident beam energy by temporal monitoring of the transport response. This method can be extended for usage in single-photon detection regime, and be used for accurate calibration of an arbitrary light source.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-5
Number of pages5
JournalIEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity
StateAccepted/In press - 2023

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Saudi Arabia under Grant DF191008.

Publisher Copyright:


  • Delays
  • Laser beams
  • Measurement by laser beam
  • Optical pulses
  • Optical vortices
  • Photonics
  • Voltage measurement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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