Current status of biohydrogen production from lignocellulosic biomass, technical challenges and commercial potential through pyrolysis process

Wei Hsin Chen, Wasif Farooq, Muhammad Shahbaz, Salman Raza Naqvi*, Imtiaz Ali, Tareq Al-Ansari, Nor Aishah Saidina Amin

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

64 Scopus citations

Abstract

Hydrogen (H2) is considered as a zero-emission fuel when produced through biomass pyrolysis. The objective of this review article is to analyze the potential of the pyrolysis process in terms of H2 yield, the maturity of technology, current challenges, future perspective, and its commercialization potential. This review article has three folds. Firstly, a comprehensive overview of the technical state-of-the-art analysis of biohydrogen production from biomass pyrolysis process is presented. Secondly, the technical and critical review of both the conventional fast and slow pyrolysis for H2 production from the viewpoint of mechanisms, catalysts, reactors, and process parameters is provided. Thirdly, the technical readiness level for bio-oil, char, and H2 production is presented. Finaly, challenges and future prospectives are highlighted for further research for researchers and the networking of stakeholders for commercialization to guide policymakers, investors, and commercial enterprises.

Original languageEnglish
Article number120433
JournalEnergy
Volume226
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Elsevier Ltd

Keywords

  • Biohydrogen
  • Lignocellulosic biomass
  • Pyrolysis
  • Reforming
  • Technology readiness level

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Pollution
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • General Energy
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Fuel Technology
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Modeling and Simulation

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