Crude oil conversion to chemicals over green synthesized ZSM-5 zeolite

B. Rabindran Jermy, Abdulkadir Tanimu, M. Abdulbari Siddiqui, Ziyauddin S. Qureshi, Abdullah Aitani*, Aaron Akah, Qi Xu, Mansour AlHerz

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


The study reports the conversion of crude oil to basic chemicals over a template-free green synthesis of ZSM-5(40) zeolite using halloysite (HAL) and bolus alpha (BA) as silica and alumina precursors. The Z(40)HAL and Z(40)BA exhibited hierarchical pores with high surface area of 248 m2/g and 257 m2/g, respectively. The addition of soft template during the synthesis of Z(40)BA forms a Z(40)BAT zeolite with lower surface area. The synthesized zeolites were impregnated with 2wt%Mn and tested for the steam catalytic cracking of crude oil to light olefins and aromatics catalysts at 675 °C in a fixed-bed reactor. Maximum light olefins (C2=-C4=) yield (47 wt%) and total aromatics (14.7 wt%) were attained over 2Mn/Z(40)HAL catalyst. The conversion of crude oil (68.4%) is attributed to hierarchical pores and the presence of large weak and strong acid sites in the 2Mn/Z(40)HAL zeolite. Moreover, due to the high reaction temperature, some effects of thermal cracking such as protolytic cracking reactions with high ethylene yield (22%) were introduced. The addition of 1% phosphorus and 1%Mn to Z(40)HAL resulted in lower catalytic cracking activity. Similarly, the 2Mn/Z(40)BAT performed slightly lower than the template-free 2Mn/Z(40)BA additive. The experimental results demonstrate the technical feasibility of template-free green synthesis of ZSM-5 zeolite in the conversion of crude oil to basic chemicals.

Original languageEnglish
Article number107610
JournalFuel Processing Technology
StatePublished - Mar 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Elsevier B.V.


  • Catalytic cracking
  • Crude oil
  • Green synthesis
  • Light olefins
  • ZSM-5

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology


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