Covalent organic frameworks: Advances in synthesis and applications

Amna Altaf, Nadeem Baig*, Manzar Sohail, Muhammad Sher, Anwar Ul-Hamid, Muhammad Altaf

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations


Covalent organic frameworks (COFs) have emerged as a new class of porous materials. In COFs, the basic rigid molecular building blocks are linked through strong covalent bonds to produce two-dimensional and three-dimensional porous frameworks. COFs are an exciting class of nano-porous materials due to their structural diversity, exceptionally high porosity, and desired tailored chemical structural features. Due to the distinct characteristics of the COFs, they are currently being explored in a wide range of applications such as water decontamination, energy, gas storage, separation, adsorption, and sensing. This review discussed significant advances in the reticular synthesis of COFs and applications in various fields. Finally, the article concludes by discussing the key challenges and future directions of the COFs based materials.

Original languageEnglish
Article number102612
JournalMaterials Today Communications
StatePublished - Sep 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Elsevier Ltd


  • Environment and energy
  • Functionalized materials
  • Membranes
  • Porous materials
  • Reticular synthesis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Materials Chemistry


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