Coupled effect of waste glass powder and glass fibers on mechanical properties of concrete: A step towards the elimination of non-biodegradable waste

Tauqir Ahmed, Muhammad Ali, Usman Akmal, Fahid Aslam*, Wasim Abbass, Mubashir Aziz, Muhammad Hamza, Ihsanullah Shah, Hammad Ahmed Shah

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Silica, a principal component of waste glass powder (GP) reacts with calcium hydroxide to form the hydration products, and the process is affected by the fineness of GP and the percentage of cement replaced. This study investigates the structural behavior of concrete incorporating GP in reinforced concrete members by 0%–25% (by weight) replacement of cement with GP along with 0%–0.45% addition of glass fibers (GFs). The compressive and tensile strengths, strength activity index (SAI), and failure mode of treated concrete mixtures have revealed the optimum values as 15% replacement of cement with GP with 0.3% of GF. In the second stage of experiment, reinforced concrete beams were cast at various percentages of GP and GF to investigate the load–deflection response. It was observed that the beam specimen treated with GP exhibited considerably less mid-span deflection (14.8 mm) at failure as compared to the control beam (with no GP and GF) which failed at 29.4 mm. The beam specimen treated with GP only showed significant degradation in stiffness after the peak load due to the fact that a part of GP remains unreacted and acts as a filler. Moreover, the beam specimen cast at optimum percentages of GP (15%) and GF (0.3%) showed large mid-span deflection and higher failure load as compared to the control beam. These results suggest that the partial replacement of cement with GP should be accompanied by the addition of fibers to avoid unwanted brittle responses of GP concrete, with the additional advantage of reducing the non-biodegradable waste.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7603-7624
Number of pages22
JournalStructural Concrete
Volume24
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 International Federation for Structural Concrete.

Keywords

  • brittleness
  • glass fiber
  • load–deflection response
  • non-biodegradable waste
  • waste glass

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • General Materials Science
  • Mechanics of Materials

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