Controlling groundwater pollution from petroleum products leaks

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Groundwater is the main source of potable water in many communities. This source is susceptible to pollution by toxic organic compounds resulting from the accidental release of petroleum products. A petroleum product like gasoline is a mixture of many organic compounds that are toxic at different degrees to humans. These various compounds have different characteristics that influence the spread and distribution of plumes of the various dissolved toxins. A compositional model utilizing properties of organics and soil was developed and used to study the concentration of benzene, toluene and xylene (BTX) in leachate from a hypothetical site contaminated by BTX. Modeling indicated the high and variable concentration of contaminants in leachate and its action as a continuous source of groundwater pollution. In a recent study, the status of underground fuel storage tanks in eastern Saudi Arabia and the potential for petroleum leaks was evaluated indicating the high potential for aquifer pollution. As a result of such discussion, it is concluded that more effort should be directed to promote leak prevention through developing proper design regulations and installation guidelines for new and existing service stations.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEnvironmental Toxicology III
PublisherWITPress
Pages91-99
Number of pages9
Volume132
ISBN (Print)9781845644383
DOIs
StatePublished - 2010

Keywords

  • dissolved contaminants
  • groundwater pollution
  • modelling contaminant transport
  • petroleum products

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Environmental Science

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