Configuration and business protocol of international load sharing of manufacturing and its challenges under I4.0 and IIoT

Samir Mekid, Usman Akbar

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

1 Scopus citations


The paper discusses the opportunities and challenges in a decentralized global manufacturing network infrastructure for international load sharing (ILS) envisaged for customized manufacturing. This is proposed to leverage Industry 4.0 factories to improve manufacturing throughput for worldwide orders. Smart manufactures are identified within IIoT worldwide subject to key specifications and performance. A business protocol is proposed to connect all manufacturing centers worldwide assuming their fitness to paradigm of industry 4.0 and utilizing technologies e.g. cloud computing, big-data management, condition and in-process based monitoring. The business protocol will support the ILS and manage the international orders for manufacturing products under specific requirements as a new concept compared to manual specific one. This not only allows customers to access worldwide facilities under cost, but also allows them to monitor the progress of production and related quality in real time because of IIoT. This proposed trend will lead to new investment opportunities for executives, as they will be able to sell manufacturing as a service while being connected to network from anywhere. Purchasing with online bidding, progress tracking, quick delivery and efficient routing will improve customer satisfaction.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvanced Manufacturing
PublisherAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)
ISBN (Electronic)9780791859384
StatePublished - 2019

Publication series

NameASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, Proceedings (IMECE)

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
Copyright © 2019 ASME.


  • Computer Integrated Manufacturing (CIM)
  • Enterprise resource planning (ERP)
  • Industry 4.0
  • International Load Sharing (ILS)
  • Internet of things (IoT)
  • Resource utilization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering


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