Renewable energy will play a vital role in greenhouse gas emissions reduction. However, renewable energy is located far away from the load center. Modular multilevel converter-(MMC) based VSC-HVDC systems became competitive for remotely located renewable energy grid integration. Unlike the average model for MMC and renewable energy side converter, this paper presents a detailed model-based control and analysis of the MMC-HVDC system for solar and wind energy integration. Furthermore, it optimally tracks PV energy employing the modified incremental conductance method and wind energy using field-oriented control. Instead of decoupled control, a feedforward controller is utilized to establish a standalone AC voltage for renewable energy grid integration. This work considers a doubly fed induction generator (DFIG), permanent magnet synchronous generator (PMSG), and squirrel cage induction generator (SCIG) for wind energy integration. The results from MATLAB/SIMULINK platform agree with the controller hardware in the loop results from RTDS-dSPACE platform. The results confirmed the optimum solar and wind energy tracking during wind speed, irradiance, and temperature variations. However, it improved the fault ride-through capability during balanced and unbalanced low voltage disturbances at the point of common coupling (PCC) of AC grid.
|State||Published - Jan 2023|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The authors acknowledge the support provided by Interdisciplinary Research Center in Renewable Energy and Power Systems (IRC-REPS), King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, through the funded research project #INRE 2102. The authors also acknowledge the support of KACARE Energy Research and Innovation Center (ERIC), KFUPM, Saudi Arabia.
© 2022 by the authors.
- field-oriented control
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Computer Science (miscellaneous)
- Geography, Planning and Development
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Building and Construction
- Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology
- Hardware and Architecture
- Computer Networks and Communications
- Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law