Comprehensive Analysis of PV and Wind Energy Integration into MMC-HVDC Transmission Network

Md Ismail Hossain, Md Shafiullah, Fahad A. Al-Sulaiman, Mohammad A. Abido*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Renewable energy will play a vital role in greenhouse gas emissions reduction. However, renewable energy is located far away from the load center. Modular multilevel converter-(MMC) based VSC-HVDC systems became competitive for remotely located renewable energy grid integration. Unlike the average model for MMC and renewable energy side converter, this paper presents a detailed model-based control and analysis of the MMC-HVDC system for solar and wind energy integration. Furthermore, it optimally tracks PV energy employing the modified incremental conductance method and wind energy using field-oriented control. Instead of decoupled control, a feedforward controller is utilized to establish a standalone AC voltage for renewable energy grid integration. This work considers a doubly fed induction generator (DFIG), permanent magnet synchronous generator (PMSG), and squirrel cage induction generator (SCIG) for wind energy integration. The results from MATLAB/SIMULINK platform agree with the controller hardware in the loop results from RTDS-dSPACE platform. The results confirmed the optimum solar and wind energy tracking during wind speed, irradiance, and temperature variations. However, it improved the fault ride-through capability during balanced and unbalanced low voltage disturbances at the point of common coupling (PCC) of AC grid.

Original languageEnglish
Article number253
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2023

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors acknowledge the support provided by Interdisciplinary Research Center in Renewable Energy and Power Systems (IRC-REPS), King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, through the funded research project #INRE 2102. The authors also acknowledge the support of KACARE Energy Research and Innovation Center (ERIC), KFUPM, Saudi Arabia.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 by the authors.


  • DFIG
  • HVDC
  • MMC
  • PMSG
  • PV
  • SCIG
  • field-oriented control

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science (miscellaneous)
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Building and Construction
  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law


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