Combustion behavior and stability map of hydrogen-enriched oxy-methane premixed flames in a model gas turbine combustor

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The article describes an experimental study and comparison of the combustion behavior and determines the stability map of turbulent premixed H2-enriched oxy-methane flames in a model gas turbine combustor. Static stability limits, in terms of flashback and blow-out limits, are recorded over a range of hydrogen fraction (HF) at a fixed oxygen fraction (OF) of 30% and a particular inlet bulk velocity, and the results are compared with the non-enriched case (HF = 0%). The static stability limits are also recorded for different inlet bulk velocity (4.4, 5.2, and 6 m/s) and the results are compared to explore the effect of flow dynamics on operability limits of H2-enriched flames. The stability maps are presented as a function of equivalence ratio (0.3–1.0) and HF (0%–75%) plotted on the contours of adiabatic flame temperature (AFT), power density (PD), inlet Reynolds number (Re) and reacting mixture mass flow rate (m˙) to understand the physics behind flashback and blow-out phenomena. The results indicated that both the flashback and blow-out limits tend to move towards the leaner side with increasing HF due to the improved chemical kinetics. The stability limits are observed to follow the Reynolds number indicating its key role in controlling flame static stability limits. The results showed that H2 enrichment is effective in the zone from HF = 20% up to HF = 50%, and O2 enrichment is also effective in a similar zone from OF = 20% up to 50%, with wider stability boundaries for H2 enrichment. Axial and radial temperature profiles are presented to explore the effect of HF on the progress of chemical reactions within the combustor and to serve as the basis for validation of numerical models. Flame shapes are recorded using a high-speed camera and compared for different inlet velocities to explore the effects of H2-enrichment and equivalence ratio on flame stability. The equivalence ratio at which a transition of flame stabilization from the inner shear layer (ISL) to the outer recirculation zone (ORZ) occurs is determined for different inlet bulk velocities. The value of the transition equivalence ratio is found to decrease while increasing the inlet bulk velocity. Flame shapes near flashback limit, as well as near blow-out limit, are compared to explore the mechanisms of flame extinctions. Flame shapes are compared at fixed adiabatic flame temperature, fixed inlet velocity and fixed flow swirl to isolate their effects and investigate the effect of kinetic rates on flame stability. The results showed that the adiabatic flame temperature does not govern the flame static stability limits.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)16652-16666
Number of pages15
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Issue number34
StatePublished - 23 Aug 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC


  • Gas turbine combustion
  • Hydrogen enrichment
  • Oxy-combustion
  • Premixed combustion
  • Stability limits

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology


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