The development of high current density anodes for the oxygen evolution reaction (OER) is fundamental to manufacturing practical and reliable electrochemical cells. In this work, we have developed a bimetallic electrocatalyst based on cobalt-iron oxyhydroxide that shows outstanding performance for water oxidation. Such a catalyst is obtained from cobalt-iron phosphide nanorods that serve as sacrificial structures for the formation of a bimetallic oxyhydroxide through phosphorous loss concomitantly to oxygen/hydroxide incorporation. CoFeP nanorods are synthesized using a scalable method using triphenyl phosphite as a phosphorous precursor. They are deposited without the use of binders on nickel foam to enable fast electron transport, a highly effective surface area, and a high density of active sites. The morphological and chemical transformation of the CoFeP nanoparticles is analyzed and compared with the monometallic cobalt phosphide in alkaline media and under anodic potentials. The resulting bimetallic electrode presents a Tafel slope as low as 42 mV dec-1 and low overpotentials for OER. For the first time, an anion exchange membrane electrolysis device with an integrated CoFeP-based anode was tested at a high current density of 1 A cm-2, demonstrating excellent stability and Faradaic efficiency near 100%. This work opens up a way for using metal phosphide-based anodes for practical fuel electrosynthesis devices.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2023 The Authors. Published by American Chemical Society.
- anion exchange membrane
- cobalt iron phosphide
- nickel foam
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology
- Materials Chemistry
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering