CO methanation over highly active and coke-resistant ruthenium-doped fibrous mordenite zeolite catalyst for synthetic natural gas (SNG) production

Ijaz Hussain*, Aishah Abdul Jalil*, Khalid Alhooshani, Hassan Alasiri, Zuhair Malaibari, Nurul Sahida Hassan, Saheed A. Ganiyu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Synthetic natural gas, or SNG, can be used as a low-carbon substitute for fossil fuels such as coal, gasoline, and natural gas. SNG can be produced by methanation of CO using an appropriate and efficient catalyst. In this study, a ruthenium-doped fibrous silica-mordenite (Ru-FSMOR) catalyst was prepared by a microemulsion method for CO methanation. X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), N2 adsorption-desorption, Fourier transform infrared (FTIR)-KBr, FTIR-pyrrole adsorption, hydrogen temperature-programmed reduction (H2-TPR), and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) were used to examine the catalytic properties. The Ru-FSMOR catalyst demonstrated substantially improved catalytic capacity at 450 °C, with 84% conversion of CO and 78% CH4 yield compared to other catalysts. In addition, the Ru-FSMOR demonstrated excellent thermal stability, as evidenced by the absence of any deactivation after 100 h. Multiple factors, including high surface area, basicity, and the presence of uniformly distributed Ru, which served as CO and H2 adsorption sites, significantly improve the CO methanation activity. The Ru-FSMOR exhibited optimum metal-support interaction amongst the series of catalysts evaluated, inhibiting crystallite movement and protecting against coke deposits. Additionally, in-situ FTIR spectroscopy revealed that CO and H2 molecules are activated by linear adsorption of CO* as intermediates. These disintegrate into immobilized C*, which undergoes hydrogenation during CO methanation to produce methane.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101230
JournalJournal of the Energy Institute
StatePublished - Jun 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Energy Institute


  • Active catalyst
  • CO methanation
  • Fibrous mordenite zeolite (Ru-FSMOR)
  • Microemulsion
  • Ruthenium
  • Substitute natural gas (SNG)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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