Clinical Modelling of RVHF Using Pre-Operative Variables: A Direct and Inverse Feature Extraction Technique

Dilber Uzun Ozsahin*, Ozlem Balcioglu*, Abdullahi Garba Usman, Declan Ikechukwu Emegano, Berna Uzun, Sani Isah Abba, Ilker Ozsahin, Tahir Yagdi, Cagatay Engin

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Right ventricular heart failure (RVHF) mostly occurs due to the failure of the left-side of the heart. RVHF is a serious disease that leads to swelling of the abdomen, ankles, liver, kidneys, and gastrointestinal (GI) tract. A total of 506 heart-failure subjects from the Faculty of Medicine, Cardiovascular Surgery Department, Ege University, Turkey, who suffered from a severe heart failure and are currently receiving support from a ventricular assistance device, were involved in the current study. Therefore, the current study explored the application of both the direct and inverse modelling approaches, based on the correlation analysis feature extraction performance of various pre-operative variables of the subjects, for the prediction of RVHF. The study equally employs both single and hybrid paradigms for the prediction of RVHF using different pre-operative variables. The visualized and quantitative performance of the direct and inverse modelling approach indicates the robust prediction performance of the hybrid paradigms over the single techniques in both the calibration and validation steps. Whereby, the quantitative performance of the hybrid techniques, based on the Nash–Sutcliffe coefficient (NC) metric, depicts its superiority over the single paradigms by up to 58.7%/75.5% and 80.3%/51% for the calibration/validation phases in the direct and inverse modelling approaches, respectively. Moreover, to the best knowledge of the authors, this is the first study to report the implementation of direct and inverse modelling on clinical data. The findings of the current study indicates the possibility of applying these novel hybridised paradigms for the prediction of RVHF using pre-operative variables.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3061
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 by the authors.


  • artificial intelligence
  • hybrid-based paradigms
  • pre-operative
  • right ventricular heart failure
  • validation step

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Biochemistry


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