Bioremediation of dyes: Current status and prospects

Ihsanullah Ihsanullah*, Arshad Jamal, Muhammad Ilyas, Mukarram Zubair, Gulraiz Khan, Muataz Ali Atieh

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

123 Scopus citations


Environmental pollution associated with the discharge of textile industries is becoming a global concern. There is an imperative need for developing efficient, environmentally friendly, and cost-effective techniques for treating the wastewater containing dyes. Bioremediation of dyes is a fascinating approach to treat the textile effluents as it offers many advantages over the conventional treatment techniques. This review critically evaluates the latest advancements in applications of bioremediation techniques for the removal of various dyes from wastewater. The applications of various microorganisms such as bacteria, algae, fungi, yeast, and enzymes for the uptake of dyes are portrayed in detail. The current advancements in the bioremediation of textile effluents, research opportunities, challenges, and future outlook are emphasized. It also highlights the progress in bioremediation of dyes using bioreactors and microbial fuel cells. This review is beneficial in understanding the current status of bioremediation in water purification and accelerating the research focusing the role of bioremediation in water purification applications in future.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101680
JournalJournal of Water Process Engineering
StatePublished - Dec 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Elsevier Ltd


  • Bioremediation
  • Dyes
  • Wastewater
  • Water treatment
  • textile effluent

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Process Chemistry and Technology


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