Biomedical materials and techniques to improve the tribological, mechanical and biomedical properties of orthopedic implants – A review article

Mahmoud Z. Ibrahim, Ahmed A.D. Sarhan*, Farazila Yusuf, M. Hamdi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

234 Scopus citations

Abstract

Recently, there has been an increasing trend in researches focusing on improving the performance of the biomedical implants. The clinicians used metallic implants to treat bone imperfections and fractures. The commonly used metals (Stainless steel, Ti-alloys and Co-alloy) failed to prove long-term durability and did not build sufficient bond with human bone. Since the invention of bioactive materials, which can generate chemical bond with bones, the researchers proposed combining the superior mechanical properties of metals and bioactivity of bioactive materials. This can be achieved by cladding bioactive material on metallic substrate. Different techniques, like thermal spraying, electron magnetron sputtering, laser cladding, etc., were proposed to successfully deposit bioactive materials on metallic substrates. In this article, we will discuss the potential of available metallic alloys and bioactive materials in biomedical implants including different techniques used in depositing bioactive materials on metallic implants.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)636-667
Number of pages32
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
Volume714
DOIs
StatePublished - 2017

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 Elsevier B.V.

Keywords

  • Bioactivity
  • Biocompatible metals
  • Bioglass
  • Bulk Metallic Glass alloys
  • Coating techniques
  • Hydroxyapatite

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Biomedical materials and techniques to improve the tribological, mechanical and biomedical properties of orthopedic implants – A review article'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this