Biohydrogen from food waste: Modeling and estimation by machine learning based super learner approach

Nahid Sultana, S. M.Zakir Hossain, Sumayh S. Aljameel, M. E. Omran, S. A. Razzak, B. Haq, M. M. Hossain*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


This study demonstrated the application of a hybrid Bayesian algorithm (BA) and support vector regression (SVR) as a potential super-learner tool (BA-SVR) to predict biohydrogen production from food waste-originated feedstocks. The novelty of the present approach, as compared to the existing response surface methodology (RSM), includes (i) hybridization of BA with SVR for modeling of biohydrogen production and minimization of biomethane formation, (ii) performance evaluation and comparison of the developed BA-SVR models with the existing RSM models based on the several indicators such as coefficient of determination (R2), relative error (RE), mean absolute error (MAE), mean absolute percentage error (MAPE), and root mean square error (RMSE), (iii) analysis of the robustness of the model and (iv) testing generalization ability. The calculated values of these indicators suggested that the proposed super leaner models demonstrated better performance predicting the biohydrogen and biomethane (products) responses than those using the existing RSM models - as reported in Rafieenia et al. 2019 [45]. The estimated low errors for biohydrogen: MAE = 0.5919, RMSE = 0.592, MAPE = 11.1387; for biomethane: MAE = 0.2681, RMSE = 0.2688, MAPE = 0.3708, signifie the reliable model predictions. The BA-SVR model also provided high adj R2 (>0.99 for both biohydrogen and biomethane), indicating an excellent fitting of the model. Concerning the MAPE, the proposed BA-SVR models for both the biohydrogen and biomethane responses showed superior performances (as compared to the RSM models) with a performance enhancement of 64.16% and 98.81%, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)18586-18600
Number of pages15
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Issue number49
StatePublished - 8 Jun 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC


  • Bayesian algorithm
  • Biohydrogen
  • Biomethane
  • Food waste
  • Machine learning
  • Support vector regression

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology


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