Application of tuned liquid column ball damper (TLCBD) for improved vibration control performance of multi-storey structure

Muhammad Tanveer, Muhammad Usman*, Imdad Ullah Khan, Shakil Ahmad, Asad Hanif, Syed Hassan Farooq

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations


Tuned liquid column ball damper (TLCBD) is a passive control device used for controlling the building vibrations induced from wind or earthquakes. TLCBD is a modified form of conventional tuned liquid column damper (TLCD). This paper studies the effect of TLCBD on the four-storey steel frame structure. The performance of the TLCBD is also compared with conventional TLCD. The analytical model of both TLCD and TLCBD is presented here. The effectiveness of these analytical models is examined experimentally by series of shaking table tests under different excitation levels including harmonic loadings and seismic excitations. In TLCBD, the vibration is reduced significantly as compared to TLCD by using steel ball as a moving orifice. The difference in diameter of steel ball and tube, containing the liquid column, acts as an orifice which moves with the movement of the ball. This moving orifice phenomenon enhanced the vibration reduction effect by resisting the water motion in the TLCBD. Root mean square (RMS) and peak values of acceleration were calculated for each loading and each storey of uncontrolled and controlled structures. Comparison of the time histories of controlled and uncontrolled structures for different loadings is also reported. Results indicate that the TLCBD is more effective in the earthquake scenarios as compared to the harmonic excitations. The TLCBD controls the vibration of the primary structure significantly in vibration reduction.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0224436
JournalPLoS ONE
Issue number10
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2019
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 Tanveer et al.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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