Application of Nanoparticles in Stimulation: A Review

Murtada Saleh Aljawad, Olalekan Saheed Alade, Amjed Hassan, Mohamed Mahmoud*, Muhammad Shahzad Kamal

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Oil well stimulation treatments have been employed to improve the productivity index, either by imposing a negative skin effect through hydraulic fracturing or by reducing a positive skin effect using matrix acidizing. The commonly used stimulation fluids are polymer-based, viscoelastic surfactant-based, emulsion (oil)-based, and foam-based. The stability and performance efficiency of the stimulation fluids under harsh conditions of high temperature and high pressures have remained a critical factor. Thus, in recent times, the incorporation of nanoparticles (NPs) as additives in the fluid formulation has received significant attention. NPs have been reported as rheology modifiers, cross-linking agents, gel breakers, leakoff control additives, foam stabilizers, proppant surface modifiers, and emulsion stabilizers in different types of stimulation fluids. In this review, we discuss the application of nanoparticles in different types of stimulation fluids. The different roles of nanoparticles are highlighted. Factors affecting the performance of nanoparticles in stimulation fluids are also covered. Although laboratory experiments have shown the exceptional performance of nanoparticles, the field application of different nanoparticles in stimulation fluids is still limited.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4276-4296
Number of pages21
JournalEnergy and Fuels
Issue number8
StatePublished - 21 Apr 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 American Chemical Society.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology


Dive into the research topics of 'Application of Nanoparticles in Stimulation: A Review'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this