Analysis of Unconfined Compressive Strength of Rammed Earth Mixes Based on Artificial Neural Network and Statistical Analysis

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7 Scopus citations


Earth materials have been used in construction as safe, healthy and environmentally sustainable. It is often challenging to develop an optimum soil mix because of the significant variations in soil properties from one soil to another. The current study analyzed the soil properties, including the grain size distribution, Atterberg limits, compaction characteristics, etc., using multilinear regression (MLR) and artificial neural networks (ANN). Data collected from previous studies (i.e., 488 cases) for stabilized (with either cement or lime) and unstabilized soils were considered and analyzed. Missing data were estimated by correlations reported in previous studies. Then, different ANNs were designed (trained and validated) using Levenberg-Marquardt (L-M) algorithms. Using the MLR, several models were developed to estimate the compressive strength of both unstabilized and stabilized soils with a Pearson Coefficient of Correlation (R2) equal to 0.2227 and 0.766, respectively. On the other hand, developed ANNs gave a higher value for R2 than MLR (with the highest value achieved at 0.9883). Thereafter, an experimental program was carried out to validate the results achieved in this study. Finally, a sensitivity analysis was carried out using the resulting networks to assess the effect of different soil properties on the unconfined compressive strength (UCS). Moreover, suitable recommendations for earth materials mixes were presented.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9029
Issue number24
StatePublished - Dec 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 by the authors.


  • artificial intelligence
  • cement
  • compressive strength
  • geotechnical property
  • multilinear regression
  • neural networks
  • soil stabilization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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