An intelligent hybridized computing technique for the prediction of roadway traffic noise in urban environment

Ibrahim Khalil Umar, Vahid Nourani, Hüseyin Gökçekuş, S. I. Abba*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


A reliable traffic noise prediction model is one of the decision-making tools used in providing a noise friendly environment. In this study, four linear–nonlinear hybrid models were proposed to capture both linear and nonlinear patterns of the data by summing up the predicted traffic noise from the multilinear regression (MLR) and estimated residuals from four artificial intelligence-based models. The input variables for the models were volumes of cars, medium vehicles, buses, heavy vehicles, and average speed. Prior to the development of the hybrid model, the potential of boosted regression tree, feed forward neural network, Gaussian process regression (GPR), support vector regression and linear regression models for traffic noise prediction was evaluated and compared with each other. The performances of the single and hybrid models were evaluated using the Nash–Sutcliffe efficiency (NSE), root mean square error (RMSE), mean absolute error (MAE) and relative root mean square error (rRMSE). MLR-GPR hybrid demonstrated better prediction capability than all other models with NSE, RMSE, MAE and rRMSE values of 0.9312, 0.0427, 0.0347 and 7.4%, respectively. The study found that the efficiency of the linear models could be improved up to 27.26% when they are hybridized with the nonlinear models.

Original languageEnglish
JournalSoft Computing
StateAccepted/In press - 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature.


  • Artificial intelligence
  • Gaussian process regression
  • Hybrid models
  • Nicosia
  • Road traffic noise

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • Software
  • Geometry and Topology


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