An innovative hybridization of electrodialysis with reverse osmosis for brackish water desalination

Muhammad M. Generous, Naef A.A. Qasem, Syed M. Zubair*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


It is reported in the literature that Electrodialysis Desalination (ED) is the most efficient for groundwater (<7 ppt), while Reverse Osmosis (RO) is for higher salinity (8–50 ppt). Thus, the present paper proposes a novel arrangement of ED-RO for brackish water desalination. ED is used first for brackish water desalination, while RO treats the highly concentrated outlet of the ED part. Energy consumption, water production, recovery ratio, and water cost are the performance indices discussed in this paper. These are presented against the influential input parameters, which are selected based on a sensitivity analysis. The results show that the new system is economically feasible for inlet salinity of 2.5–7.8 ppt. Standalone RO could be better for salinity more than eight (8) ppt, and standalone ED is better for a source salinity of less than two (2) ppt. Energy consumption results emphasize that the ED-RO integration is the most energy-effective for the feed salinity of < 9.5 ppt. The net recovery ratio for the hybrid ED-RO plant is 87.5% when ED and RO plants operate at a recovery ratio of 75% and 50%, respectively. For typical conditions and brackish water salinity of 5 ppt, ED-RO shows an outstanding performance of 0.731 kWh/m3 for energy consumption and 0.370 $/m3 for water cost. These values are better than those of standalone RO and ED plants.

Original languageEnglish
Article number114589
JournalEnergy Conversion and Management
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Elsevier Ltd


  • Cost
  • Coupling
  • Electrodialysis
  • Recovery
  • Reverse osmosis
  • Water production

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology


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