Advanced Strategies in Metal-Organic Frameworks for CO2 Capture and Separation

Muhammad Usman*, Naseem Iqbal, Tayyaba Noor, Neelam Zaman, Aisha Asghar, Mahmoud M. Abdelnaby, Ahmad Galadima, Aasif Helal

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


The continuous carbon dioxide (CO2) gas emissions associated with fossil fuel production, valorization, and utilization are serious challenges to the global environment. Therefore, several developments of CO2 capture, separation, transportation, storage, and valorization have been explored. Consequently, we documented a comprehensive review of the most advanced strategies adopted in metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) for CO2 capture and separation. The enhancements in CO2 capture and separation are generally achieved due to the chemistry of MOFs by controlling pore window, pore size, open-metal sites, acidity, chemical doping, post or pre-synthetic modifications. The chemistry of defects engineering, breathing in MOFs, functionalization in MOFs, hydrophobicity, and topology are the salient advanced strategies, recently reported in MOFs for CO2 capture and separation. Therefore, this review summarizes MOF materials′ advancement explaining different strategies and their role in the CO2 mitigations. The study also provided useful insights into key areas for further investigations.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere202100230
JournalChemical Record
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
First, we are thankful to Prof. Omar M. Yaghi (UC Berkeley) for his support and advice. We are also thankful to the Saudi Aramco Chair Programme (No. ORCP2390).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 The Chemical Society of Japan & Wiley-VCH GmbH.


  • Advanced materials
  • CO
  • CO capture
  • CO separation
  • MOFs
  • Strategies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry (all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Chemical Engineering (all)
  • Materials Chemistry


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