A use case driven approach to game modeling

Aghyad Albaghajati, Jameleddine Hassine*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


With the increase in market needs, game development teams are facing a high demand of creating new games every year. Although several methodologies and tools were introduced to support the game development life cycle, there is still a lack of evidence that these techniques improve game requirements understandability among development teams. The use of models in requirements engineering is considered a promising approach to support requirements elicitation, negotiation, validation, and management. In the context of game development, game designers argue that models are hard to learn and would restrict their creativity. In this paper, we introduce a novel use case-based game modeling approach that extends the standard UML use case diagram. The proposed technique allows for better representation of game-related requirements and promotes a common understanding of game requirements among game development teams. Our approach is implemented in a tool, called game use case modeling, and its applicability is demonstrated using four well-known games, Super Mario Bros, Tetris, Just Dance, and The Walking Dead. Moreover, in order to assess the perceived understandability, learnability, and usefulness of the proposed approach, we have conducted a survey involving 29 participants from the game development community. Results indicate a very satisfactory agreement regarding the added value of the proposed approach and a willingness of adoption by the game development community.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)83-116
Number of pages34
JournalRequirements Engineering
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors would like to acknowledge the support provided by the Deanship of Scientific Research at King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals for funding this work through Project No. SB191011.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer-Verlag London Ltd., part of Springer Nature.


  • Game development
  • Game requirements
  • Game use case modeling
  • Requirement engineering
  • UML use case diagram

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Information Systems


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