A Survey of Rate-Optimal Power Domain NOMA with Enabling Technologies of Future Wireless Networks

Omar Maraqa*, Aditya S. Rajasekaran, Saad Al-Ahmadi, Halim Yanikomeroglu, Sadiq M. Sait

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

269 Scopus citations


The ambitious high data-rate applications in the envisioned future beyond fifth-generation (B5G) wireless networks require new solutions, including the advent of more advanced architectures than the ones already used in 5G networks, and the coalition of different communications schemes and technologies to enable these applications requirements. Among the candidate communications schemes for future wireless networks are non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) schemes that allow serving more than one user in the same resource block by multiplexing users in other domains than frequency or time. In this way, NOMA schemes tend to offer several advantages over orthogonal multiple access (OMA) schemes such as improved user fairness and spectral efficiency, higher cell-edge throughput, massive connectivity support, and low transmission latency. With these merits, NOMA-enabled transmission schemes are being increasingly looked at as promising multiple access schemes for future wireless networks. When the power domain is used to multiplex the users, it is referred to as the power domain NOMA (PD-NOMA). In this paper, we survey the integration of PD-NOMA with the enabling communications schemes and technologies that are expected to meet the various requirements of B5G networks. In particular, this paper surveys the different rate optimization scenarios studied in the literature when PD-NOMA is combined with one or more of the candidate schemes and technologies for B5G networks including multiple-input-single-output (MISO), multiple-input-multiple-output (MIMO), massive-MIMO (mMIMO), advanced antenna architectures, higher frequency millimeter-wave (mmWave) and terahertz (THz) communications, advanced coordinated multi-point (CoMP) transmission and reception schemes, cooperative communications, cognitive radio (CR), visible light communications (VLC), unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) assisted communications and others. The considered system models, the optimization methods utilized to maximize the achievable rates, and the main lessons learnt on the optimization and the performance of these NOMA-enabled schemes and technologies are discussed in detail along with the future research directions for these combined schemes. Moreover, the role of machine learning in optimizing these NOMA-enabled technologies is addressed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9154358
Pages (from-to)2192-2235
Number of pages44
JournalIEEE Communications Surveys and Tutorials
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2020

Bibliographical note

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  • 3-dimensional MIMO (3-D MIMO)
  • Non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA)
  • achievable rates
  • backscatter communications (BackCom)
  • beamforming
  • beyond 5G (B5G) networks
  • cell-free mMIMO (CF-mMIMO)
  • cognitive radio (CR)
  • cooperative communications
  • coordinated multipoint (CoMP)
  • integrated terrestrial-satellite networks
  • intelligent reflecting surfaces (IRS)
  • large intelligent surfaces (LIS)
  • machine learning (ML)
  • massive-MIMO (mMIMO)
  • millimeter-wave (mmWave)
  • mobile edge computing (MEC) and edge caching
  • multiple-input-multiple-output (MIMO)
  • multiple-input-single-output (MISO)
  • optimization
  • power allocation
  • reconfigurable antenna systems
  • terahertz (THz) communications
  • underwater communications
  • unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV)
  • user selection
  • vehicle-to-everything (V2X)
  • visible light communications (VLC)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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