A review of the enhancement of solar thermal collectors using nanofluids and turbulators

Abderrahmane Aissa, Naef A.A. Qasem, Abed Mourad, Houssem Laidoudi, Obai Younis, Kamel Guedri, Anas Alazzam*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


Nanofluids are viewed as an effective way to increase the efficiency of solar energy systems. Their importance is illustrated by enhancing the thermal conductivity of heat transfer fluids. Incorporating fins and turbulators in the solar system is another method for enhancing heat transmission to the carrying fluid. The simultaneous use of nanofluids and turbulators is a promising approach to improve solar system performance. Thus, this paper investigates, discusses, and emphasizes the significance of combining the effect of employing nanofluids and turbulence generators in solar collectors to increase thermal performance and extract more useable solar energy. This paper provides an overview of recent advancements in this area, the systems that have been built, and their future uses within the solar energy industry. The proposed geometries for turbulators, their improvement in overall performance, and the employed nanofluids are presented and reviewed. Finally, outstanding recent developments and future prospects in the hybrid nanofluids-turbulators system are discussed. This article provides a comprehensive assessment of the essential issues on which the hybrid nanofluids-turbulators systems might throw light on building relevant systems.

Original languageEnglish
Article number119663
JournalApplied Thermal Engineering
StatePublished - 5 Feb 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Elsevier Ltd


  • Direct-absorption systems
  • Hybrid turbulator-nanofluid
  • Nanofluids
  • Solar systems
  • Thermal conductivity
  • Turbulators

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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