A mechanistic approach of chromium (VI) adsorption onto manganese oxides and boehmite

Md Aminul Islam*, Michael J. Angove, David W. Morton, Biplob Kumar Pramanik, Md Rabiul Awual

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

145 Scopus citations

Abstract

The concentration of chromium (VI) in the soil is an important environmental concern due to its mobility and acute toxicity. Due to its toxicity, removal of this species is very important. The mobility of Cr(VI) is highly governed by its adsorption onto the mineral surfaces. Manganese oxides are naturally-occurring scavengers and have a significant influence on the distribution, and transport of chromate species. Thus, to understand the fate of chromate species and its removal process, it is important to study chromium (VI) adsorption. In this study, birnessite (δ-MnO2), pyrolusite (β-MnO2), hausmannite (Mn3O4), manganite (γ-MnOOH), boehmite (γ-AlOOH), and Mn-Al binary oxide was used as adsorbents to adsorb Cr(VI) over a range of solution pH and initial Cr(VI) concentrations. A combined approach using the Langmuir and Freundlich models, proton stoichiometry and surface complexation model (SCM) have been used to describe the probable Cr(VI) adsorption process. Birnessite was the most potent adsorbent at low pH. The Langmuir model could describe the equilibrium isotherm data well, suggesting a uniform surface nature. Proton stoichiometry indicated that Cr(VI) adsorption involved more than one type of reaction. The findings confirm that Cr(VI) species bind to functional groups by the inner- and outer-sphere chromate complexes, with the extent of binding dependent on solution pH. The study presented herein can be applied to soils with a variety of surface properties, pH, and Cr (VI) concentrations. The study further advances our understanding of the interaction between Cr(VI) and minerals at the solid-water interface.

Original languageEnglish
Article number103515
JournalJournal of Environmental Chemical Engineering
Volume8
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2020
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • Adsorption
  • Birnessite
  • Boehmite
  • Chromium (VI)
  • Extended constant capacitance model
  • Hausmannite
  • Langmuir
  • Manganite
  • Mn-Al binary oxide
  • Pyrolusite
  • Surface complexation model
  • Wastewater

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution
  • Process Chemistry and Technology

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