A critical review on tool wear mechanism and surface integrity aspects of SiCp/Al MMCs during turning: prospects and challenges

Rashid Ali Laghari*, Muhammad Jamil, Asif Ali Laghari, Aqib Mashood Khan, Syed Sohail Akhtar*, Samir Mekid

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Among several kinds of metal matrix composite materials (MMCs), such as silicon-based reinforced aluminum matrix (SiCp/Al) composites have become the most valuable composite material due to their various applications in industries, sports equipment, electrons, and automotive. Due to the presence of hard ceramic reinforcements, the SiCp/Al composite is considered a difficult-to-cut material, which leads to significant hindrances in machining operations together with increased tool wear, cutting force, and degradation of machined surface quality. The present review is focused on the recent advancements in turning process of metal matrix composites. An attempt is made to comprehensively analyze and identify the influencing factors on the machinability of metal matrix composites (MMCs). The main purpose of this review is to cover the topics such as the recent trends in turning and hybrid turning processes of MMCs, tool wear and its mechanisms, tool selection, the effect of cutting parameters, surface integrity, SiCp/Al composite properties and reinforcement effect, chip formation mechanisms, and different modeling approaches used in particle-reinforced MMCs machining process. Finally, some research gaps and future directions are suggested that could lead to efficient machining of particle-reinforced MMCs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2825-2862
Number of pages38
JournalInternational Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology
Issue number7-8
StatePublished - Jun 2023

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors acknowledge partial support of the Interdisciplinary Research Center for Intelligent Manufacturing and Robotics at King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals in Saudi Arabia.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer-Verlag London Ltd., part of Springer Nature.


  • Cutting force
  • FEM
  • SiCp/Al metal matrix composites
  • Surface roughness
  • Turning process, Tool wear, Surface integrity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Software
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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