Global warming, climate change, air pollution, and harmful exhaust emissions for human health are highly associated with the burning of petroleum fuels at a huge level. In the beginning, biodiesel fuels have been introduced as a promising alternative fuel to mitigate these problems. However, poor atomization, low energy content, high viscosity, and density of biodiesels are the main obstacles to the frequent usage of biodiesel fuels in diesel engines. That is because biodiesel fuels in CI engines have generally resulted in higher fuel consumption, lower thermal efficiency, and higher NOx emission. On the other hand, most fuel researchers recently announced that the addition of nanoparticles in biodiesel blends has led to making biodiesels attractive again by significantly improving their poor biodiesel properties such as thermophysical properties, calorific value, heat transfer rate, evaporation rate, etc. From this point of view, many published papers in the area demonstrated that the addition of nanoparticles in biodiesel blended fuels has simultaneously provided fewer exhaust emissions, better performance, and combustion characteristics thanks to the high catalyst effect of nanoparticles. In the conclusion, the present review paper clearly announced that the addition of nanoparticles is a very strong way to re-improving the worsened engine combustion, performance, and emission characteristics of biodiesel-diesel blends.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study is supported via funding from “Prince Sattam bin Abdulaziz University project number (PSAU/2023/R/1444)”.
© 2023 Elsevier Ltd
- Combustion characteristics
- Nano-additives: Engine Performance
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Chemical Engineering (all)
- Fuel Technology
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology
- Organic Chemistry