A Comprehensive Review of Saline Water Correlations and Data: Part II—Thermophysical Properties

Naef A.A. Qasem, Muhammad M. Generous, Bilal A. Qureshi, Syed M. Zubair*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations


This paper reviews the thermophysical properties of saline water correlations and data. The key parameters that influence the properties are considered, such as multi-component composition, high salinity, temperature, and pressure. Since the thermodynamic properties are reviewed in part I of the paper, this part (# II) focuses on the thermophysical properties involving viscosity, surface tension, electrical conductivity, thermal conductivity, osmotic coefficient, activity coefficient, and thermal expansivity. The properties are comprehensive to include all saline water types, i.e., brackish water, seawater, high saline water from basins, lakes, produced water from oil and gas hydraulic fracturing, and so on. The correlations are summarized in tabular forms and assessed based on their accuracy against available experimental data. Besides, guidelines for choosing some correlations are also discussed. Since the thermal conductivity has no multi-component model, a novel and straightforward model is proposed with excellent accuracy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1941-1979
Number of pages39
JournalArabian Journal for Science and Engineering
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021, King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals.


  • Correlations
  • High salinity
  • Multi-component
  • Saline water
  • Thermophysical properties

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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