Measurement and Verification of Energy Retrofitting Residential Buildings using a BIM-based Approach in KSA Climate

Project: Research

Project Details


With increasing adverse effects of climate change resulting in increasing temperatures globally countries around the world are introducing measures to reduce the rate of global warming. One of the major contributors to climate change is the buildings and construction sector, which is responsible for more than 40% of the materials consumption and more than one third greenhouse gas emissions globally. Within the buildings and construction sector more than 25% of the global electricity is consumed in the residential sector. Energy consumption in Saudi Arabia is almost three times higher than the global average and one of the major contributors to that is the residential sector accounting for 52% of the total national electricity consumption. For a sustainable residential sector in the future the existing residential building stock in Saudi Arabia has to be retrofitted to reduce energy consumption. A Building Information Modelling (BIM)-based approach can be effective towards retrofitting of buildings. However, a BIM-based approach needs extensive investigation through the use of case studies before successful adoption, and there is a serious lack of such studies particularly in the Saudi Arabia. In addition, not a single study investigates and presents a Measurement and Verification (M&V) example of a retrofitted residential building in the country. There is a crucial need for a study which utilizes a BIM-based approach to conduct energy retrofitting on a residential building and present pre- and post-retrofit M&V of the building in Saudi Arabia. This research project will utilize an on-campus villa as a case study to implement the Energy Efficiency Measures (EEMs) and conduct the energy retrofitting. M&V will be conducted for the villa case study before and after implementing the EEMs. The expected results will firstly validate the utilization of a BIM-based methodology to retrofit existing residential buildings. Secondly, through M&V, the results will verify the energy and economic savings achievable in Saudi residential buildings through energy retrofitting.
Effective start/end date1/04/211/04/23


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