Green Charging Stations: A Sustainable Microgrid for Battery and Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles

Project: Research

Project Details


This proposal aims to study the technical and economic feasibility of starting up Green Charging Stations (GCSs) in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. GFSs are smart microgrids that generate their own combined hydrogen (H2), heat, and power (CHHP) to electrify battery (BEVs) and fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs). The novel design lies on using solar photovoltaic (PV) modules to generate the required electricity during daytime. The generated electricity would be used to charge BEVs as well as to provide the power needed for water splitting electrolysis. Water splitting electrolysis is used to generate the H2 needed for FCEVs as well as to store excess solar energy, in the form of compressed H2, during daytime. At dark, the stored compressed H2 has the option to be depressurized and injected into proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs) to generate the electricity needed to charge BEVs at night. The project aims to study (1) the dynamics of solar H2 production under Saudi Arabia climate conditions, (2) develop a dynamic model for PEMFCs that can be used for stationary or mobile applications, (3) develop a power system plan for the proposed GCS considering the effect of H2 and electricity demand on the microgrid supply chain network, operational schedule, and storage capacity. This proposed project represents the first phase of a long-term plan to experimentally and theoretically explore the potential of hydrogen mobility as a sustainable option for the Kingdoms transportation sector.
Effective start/end date1/07/2131/12/22


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