Energy is directly related to the economy and its demand would increase with development in the industrial, residential, transportation, and commercial sectors. The projected demand for electricity in Saudi Arabia is expected to exceed 120 GW/year by 2032. As per the government announcement, Saudi Arabia aims to install around 60 GW of renewable energy in the coming decade. Open or multi-storey car parking at universities, shopping malls, hospitals, etc. are generally unexploited but has enormous potential to generate energy without disturbing the flora and fauna of the region. This study targets the parking lots of Saudi Arabian academic institutions and aims at generating grid-connected energy using solar photovoltaic (PV) panels and wind turbines subjected to the availability of suitable wind resource. This kind of open isolated space with excellent wind resource is available at Jubail industrial college. The techno-economic feasibility of using the generated power for charging the batteries of electric vehicles (EV) will also be studied. This proposed scope will assist in attaining the Kingdoms sustainability goal and may generate revenues by selling excess energy to the grid. The proposed methodology will first assess the areas of the seven identified parking lots at the four academic institutions by personal visits and using Geographic Information System (GIS). Next, detailed and accurate assessment of the solar and wind resources at the chosen sites will be carried followed by designing a PV-wind hybrid system for each location. Finally, a comprehensive techno-economic analysis will be conducted to find out the payback period, cost of energy (COE), net present cost (NPC), and the resulting reduction in greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions. The overall feasibility of EVs charging facility will be the final step.
|Effective start/end date||1/07/21 → 1/01/23|
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